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EXPORT / IMPORT PRICES

  • Importance (A-F): This release merits an D.
  • Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor.
  • Release Time: Typically in the second week of the month at 8:30 ET for the prior month

Though not a market-moving release, export/import prices are a useful indication of inflation pressures created by changes in foreign exchange rates. For example, when the dollar is strong, import prices tend to be under downward pressure. If an item in Japan costs 500 yen and the exchange rate is 100 yen to the dollar, the US$ price $5. If the dollar then strengthens to Y120, the US$ price falls to $4.17. Because US exports must compete with foreign goods, there is also downward pressure on export prices when the dollar is strong.

Economists typically look at import prices excluding oil and export prices excluding agricultural. In each case, the category in question is excluded because prices for those items are volatile and the swings are unrelated to foreign exchange rates. Oil prices tend to swing in response to OPEC decisions, and agricultural prices are often affected by weather, neither of which say much about long-term trends in traded goods prices.


U.S. KEY ECONOMIC INDICATORS
Auto and Truck Sales
Business Inventories
Chicago PMI
Conference Board Consumer Confidence
Construction Spending
Consumer Credit
CPI: Consumer Price Index
Durable Goods Orders
Employment Cost Index
Existing Home Sales
Export/Import Prices
Factory Orders
GDP: Gross Domestic Product
Housing Starts and Building Permits
Industrial Production
Initial Claims
International Trade
Leading Indicators
Money Supply
NAPM: National Association of Purchasing Managers
New Home Sales
Non-Manufacturing NAPM
Personal Income and Consumption
Philadelphia Fed Index
PPI: Producer Price Index
Productivity and Costs
Regional Manufacturing Surveys
Retail Sales
The Employment Report
Treasury Budget
University of Michigan Consumer Sentiment Index
Weekly Chain Store Sales
Wholesale Trade
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